Mecca is the cleanest part of the earth and it is the best country of God and I love it to the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace - Makkah Al-Mukarramah, which the Messenger of God, peace and blessings of God be upon him, addressed at the time of emigration saying (I do not like you from a country and love you to and if not for your people, take me out of you as you did not inhabit others), which is one of the most important Its features.
It is the mountain that the Prophet, peace and blessings of God be upon him, and his companion Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq arrived on the way to emigration and ascended to the mountain. So they hid a cave in the above called the cave of Thor for three days before moving to Medina.
Part of this mosque is located within the boundaries of Arafa and part outside its borders. On the day of Arafah, it opens to pray in the pilgrims noon and afternoon, both summarily
Arafat Mountain :
The most famous mountain in Dina, which pilgrims stand on the ninth of Dhu al-Hijjah, on a witnessed day in which God boasts worship and angels.
It is a place near me, and this is the place where pilgrims stay overnight at night of sacrifice, and it is necessary for them to pray Maghrib and Ishaa, collect delay and pick up stones from it. (70 stones)
Sacred Mosque :
It is the greatest mosque in Islam, located in the heart of Mecca, mediated by the Holy Kaaba, which is the first building placed on the face of the earth according to Islamic belief, and this is the greatest and holiest spot on the face of the earth for Muslims. In it since the conquest of Mecca at the hands of the Prophet Muhammad, and the Grand Mosque is the first of the three mosques to which the backpackers are drawn. The Prophet said: “The pilgrim is only visited by three mosques: the Grand Mosque, this mosque, and Al-Aqsa Mosque.” the Grand Mosque includes many landmarks: the Kaaba, Hajar Ismail, Bir Zamzam, the shrine of Ibrahim, Al-Safa and Marwa, and the Black Stone.
It is the cave in which the Prophet Muhammad was worshiped before it was revealed to him, so Hira is the place where the revelation was revealed for the first time., the cave of Hira is located at the top of Jabal Al-Nur, east of Mecca, about 4 kilometers from the Grand Mosque., hira bay is a hiatus in the mountain, its door is to the north, its length is four arms and its width is one arm and three quarters, and only five people can sit at it at once, and the interior of Hira bay is directed towards the Kaaba, as can the one standing on the mountain see Mecca and its buildings.
It is a laurel located on top of the mountain of Thor, south of Mecca. its name is related to the Prophet’s migration to Medina., it is the laurel that the Prophet entered during the migration with his friend Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq, and when the infidels of Mecca came looking for them, God inspired the spider to weave its strings at the door of the laurel, and revealed to a dove that made a nest and whitewashed evidence of the lack The presence of anyone in this cave for a long time, and thus the Quraysh did not discover the existence of the Prophet and its owner inside the cave, according to Islamic belief.
The Cemetery of Al-Ma'ala:
It is a general cemetery for the people of Mecca, located at the beginning of the Al-Hujun road to the right of the pilgrimage to the Masjid al-Haram from the side of the Maabdah neighborhood., especially the secretariat of the Holy Capital is affiliated, and the dead usually carry the cemetery of al-Ma’la after praying on them at the Sacred Mosque for burial, and the distance between the Grand Mosque and the cemetery of al-Ma’ala is considered relatively close.
Al-Taneem Mosque :
It is one of the mosques of Mecca, located on the borders of Madinah Road., the Al-Tanaem Mosque is one of the Ihram times for the people of Mecca. Where the Prophet Muhammad called "Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Bakr," and he said to him: "Take your sister out of the sanctuary to smoothing, so let us rejoice in Umrah, and then be kind to the house. I am waiting for you here."The mosque is located on the northwestern side of the Grand Mosque, and the distance between it and the sanctuary is estimated at 6148 meters
One of the mosques of Mecca is located in Arafat, and the Prophet Muhammad prayed in his place on the day of the farewell pilgrimage, and the Friday and afternoon prayers are held on the day he knew during the Hajj season, and the pilgrims listen to Arafat's sermon, and the mosque is now one of the huge mosques, although it is not enough Almost all of the pilgrims, who now number approximately two million, are not all of Arafat, and the western part of it - the part with its mihrab and its pulpit - does not fall within Arafat's borders, but prayer in it is permissible